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Aanawilundawa Tank

Aanawilundawa Tank

Aanawilundawa is a collection of freshwater tanks comprising of wetland habitats, which was declared as a sanctuary in 1997 and is Sri Lanka’s 2nd RAMSAR site, meaning a wetland of international significance. There are seven inter-connected ancient reservoirs which are believed to have been built during the rule of King Parakramabahu in 1140AD which currently helps irrigate over 400 hectares of paddy fields in the surrounding area.

It is an excellent location for birding with over 130 species including migrant species. Birders can walk along the dirt roads which overlook the tank, where a wide array of avian species can be encountered often just by the water’s edge. It is an excellent location for waterfowl including Little Grebe, Lesser-whistling Teal, Cotton Teal, Pintail and Gaganey. White-throated Kingfisher, Pied Kingfisher, Common Kingfisher and Stork-billed Kingfisher are also encountered along with dry-zone species such as the Blue-faced Malkoha, Little Green Bee-eater and endemics including the Sri Lanka Woodshrike and Ceylon Swallow. Raptors including Crested Serpent Eagle and White-bellied Sea Eagle are encountered regularly.

Due to the abundance of flowering plants in the area, this is a butterfly rich habitat and commonly seen species include Common and Plain Tigers, Lemon Pansy, the Joker, Crimson Rose, Common and Chocolate Soldiers.

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